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Autor(i):Striedter, Georg F.
Naslov:Principles of brain evolution / George F. Striedter
Impresum:Sunderland, Mass. : Sinauer Associates , cop. 2005
Materijalni opis:XII, 436 str. : ilustr. ; 25 cm
Ključne riječi:mozak * evolucija
Sažetak:Brain evolution is a complex weave of species similarities and differences, bound by diverse rules or principles. This book is a detailed examination of these principles, using data from a wide array of vertebrates but minimizing technical details and terminology. It is written for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and more senior scientists who already know something about "the brain," but want a deeper understanding of how diverse brains evolved. The book opens with a brief history of evolutionary neuroscience, then introduces the various groups of vertebrates and their major brain regions. The core of the text explores: what aspects of brain organization are conserved across the vertebrates; how brains and bodies changed in size as vertebrates evolved; how individual brain regions tend to increase or decrease in size; how regions can become structurally more (or less) complex; and how neuronal circuitry evolves. A central theme emerges from these chapters-that evolutionary changes in brain size tend to correlate with many other aspects of brain structure and function, including the proportional size of individual brain regions, their complexity, and their neuronal connections. To explain these correlations, the book delves into rules of brain development and asks how changes in brain structure impact function and behavior. The two penultimate chapters demonstrate the application of these rules, focusing on how mammal brains diverged from other brains and how Homo sapiens evolved a very large and "special" brain.
Sadržaj:1. Evolutionary Neuroscience: This Book's Scope and Ambition * The Book's Scope and Major Themes. - 2. A History of Comparative Neurobiology * The Birth of Comparative Neuroanatomy * Darwin's Time: The Owen-Huxley Debate * The Era of Comparative Cytoarchitectonics * Comparative Hodology and Histochemistry * The Rise of Neurocladistics * The Rejuvenation of Comparative Neuroembryology * Conclusions. - 3. Conservation in Vertebrate Brains * A "Who's Who" of Vertebrates * Comparing Adult Brains o Adult brain regions o Adult cell types o Neuron-typical molecules * Comparing Embryonic Brains o The neuromeric model o Criticisms of the neuromeric model * Mapping Embryos onto Adults * Conclusion. - 4. Evolutionary Changes in Overall Brain Size * Changes in Relative Brain Size o Mechanisms of brain-body scaling * Functional Correlates of Relative Brain Size * Changes in Absolute Brain Size * Constraints and Compromises * Conclusions. - 5. Evolutionary Changes in Brain Region Size * Concerted versus Mosaic Evolution o Concerted evolution o Mosaic evolution o Toward a synthesis * Functional Correlates of Brain Region Size o The principle of proper mass o Absolute size and functional capacity o Proportional size and influence o Relative size and adaptation o Synthesis: The avian hippocampus * Conclusions. - 6. Evolutionary Changes in Brain Region Structure * Homology and Novelty * Phylogenetic Conversion: Lamination * Phylogenetic Proliferation: Segregation * Phylogenetic Proliferation: Addition * Conclusions. - 7. Evolution of Neuronal Connectivity * Epigenetic Population Matching and Cascades * The Parcellation Hypothesis * Connectional Invasion and Its Consequences * General Principles of Network Design * Synthesis and Conclusions. - 8. What's Special about Mammal Brains? * Early Mammals and their Brains * The Phylogenetic History of Neocortex * Beyond the Neocortex * Conclusion. - 9. What's Special about Human Brains? * Primate Behavior and Overall Brain Size * Evolutionary Changes in Primate Brain Organization * Hominin Behavior and Overall Brain Size * Evolutionary Changes in Hominin Brain Organization * Conclusions. - 10. Reflections and Prospect * Explanatory Strategies in Evolutionary Neuroscience * Steps Toward Synthesis * Absolute and Relative Brain Size * Conclusion
APA CC:2180 2520
Signatura:2520 2005 STR
Inventarni broj:59/2006
Vrsta građe:knjiga
Knjižnica:Knjižnica Odsjeka za psihologiju, http://www.knjiznice.ffzg.hr/psihologija

Upit: PersonalName_swish=(Striedter Georg F )